Causes of blood in the urine (haematuria)
Further to my article on reading urine colour, I felt like I should explore the important clinical sign of haematuria (blood in the urine) in more detail. This can be frightening for a patient to experience, and clinically important to detect early.
Haematuria may be macroscopic (visible to the naked eye), or microscopic (invisible to the eye but detectable on a test). Doctors divide causes anatomically, into pre-renal, renal, and post-renal (before, at, and after the kidneys). Let's explore these visually:
Here's some close up shots of the illustrations for those using smaller screens:
I felt this symptom was best covered visually, and so poured my heart into illustrating what's normally conveyed as a bullet point list, or blocks of prose. If you found this helpful, please share on social media to get the word out and help others too. If you would like to see more in my medical mentalism series, on the art of health deduction, then follow artibiotics on social media or subscribe at the bottow of the page.
You can now get my illustrated summary poster below as a 10x16" print to let the info sink in over time, and support my work on artibiotics. Catch you next time!